How to recognize the hand in Down syndrome - 27 characteristics.

How to recognize the hand in Down syndrome?

Lionel Sharples Penrose introduced in 1963 in the magazine Nature the first ‘phantom picture’ for the hand in Down syndrome. The picture described some of the typical characteristics of the hand in Down syndrome – including the ‘simian crease’. Later more detailed ‘phantom pictures’ were presented by Schaumann & Alter (1976), and Rodewald (1981).

In januari 2010 a more detailed version became available – describing 27 characteristics of the hand in Down’s syndrome!

What are the most typical hand characteristics in Down’s syndrome?

A common characteristic is the presence of the famous ‘simian line‘; an alternative is the presence of another unusual hand line: the¬†Sydney line.

Here one should especially notice the hypothenar zone of the hand (in palmistry a.k.a. ‘mount of moon’); usually this zone a large ‘ulnar loop’ pattern combined with a high positioned palmar axial triradius.

Short fingers (thumb and pinky finger are often abnormally short) + a square shaped palm.

NOTICE: The author of the new ‘phantom picture’ for Down syndrome described a specific guideline which states that in all cases of Down syndrome certain combinations of the 27 characteristics are found in both the fingers AND the palm of the hand!

A presentation of all details is available at:
How to use the simian line + 26 other characteristics as a hand marker in Down’s syndrome!

Photo: example of the hand in a Down syndrome baby

Example of a baby hand in Down syndrome (trisomy 21).

The simian line is often found in Down syndrome, but also frequently seen in Asian populations.

The simian line is often found in Down syndrome, but also frequently seen in Asian populations.

The simian line

The simian line is a ‘notorious’ hand crease and well-known for it’s significance in Down’s syndrome – more than half of these people have a simian line in 1 or both hands, while only about 1% of¬†healthy populations have a simian line. Nevertheless, this line is also frequently observed in the hands of certain ethnic population – especially in Asians!

In 1866, R.L. Down discovered in 1906 the relationship between the simian crease and Down’s syndrome. The simian line is also know as: the ‘simian crease’ or ‘single palmar transverse crease’.

‘Healthy hands’ with the simian line usually do not have the other stereotypical hand features related related to Down syndrome are missing (examples of other Down syndrome-related hand features are: a short thumb, curved little finger, certain dermatoglyphic patterns in the palm and fingerprints).

In some (Asian) populations is extraordinary frequently seen, such as: Pygmies: 34.7 %; Gypsies: 14.3 %; Chinese: 13.0 %; Koreans: 11.2 % – more percentages are presented in the full article.

Deciphering the simian line.

The simian line: a notorious hand crease
The simian line: merging of mind and heart
The simian crease, down syndrome & other disorders
Do you have a simian line?

13 Gift markings in your hands

13 Gift markings in your hands

3 Gift markers in your hands

3 Gift markers in your hands

How to recognize ‘gift markings’ in your hands?

At the International Institute of Hand Analysis (IIHA) a system of ‘talent markers’ in the hand is developed – they call the system: ‘gift markings’, or ‘gift markers’. Some of these interesting hand-signs are:

* Gift marker 1. The Jupiter star (see point ‘1’ in the UPPER picture)

SUPER TALENT: Leadership, super achiever | SHADOW SIDE: president’s wife syndrome

* Gift marker 10. Medical sitgmata (see point ’10’ in UPPER picture)

SUPER TALENT: gifted healer, personal growth consultant | SHADOW SIDE: intimacy breakdown

* Gift marking 15. The Simian line (see point ’15’ in the LOWER picture)

SUPER TALENT: intensity of focus | SHADOW SIDE: feeling misunderstood

The full article includes a full list of the 16 ‘Gift markers’ + a summary of interesting comments on these presented by the expert Hand Analysts: Pamelah Landers, Jena Griffiths, Peggie Arvidson and Baeth Davis.

Gift markings in your hands