How to recognize the hand in Down syndrome - 27 characteristics.

How to recognize the hand in Down syndrome?

Lionel Sharples Penrose introduced in 1963 in the magazine Nature the first ‘phantom picture’ for the hand in Down syndrome. The picture described some of the typical characteristics of the hand in Down syndrome – including the ‘simian crease’. Later more detailed ‘phantom pictures’ were presented by Schaumann & Alter (1976), and Rodewald (1981).

In januari 2010 a more detailed version became available – describing 27 characteristics of the hand in Down’s syndrome!

What are the most typical hand characteristics in Down’s syndrome?

HAND LINES:
A common characteristic is the presence of the famous ‘simian line‘; an alternative is the presence of another unusual hand line: the Sydney line.

DERMATOGLYPHICS:
Here one should especially notice the hypothenar zone of the hand (in palmistry a.k.a. ‘mount of moon’); usually this zone a large ‘ulnar loop’ pattern combined with a high positioned palmar axial triradius.

HAND SHAPE:
Short fingers (thumb and pinky finger are often abnormally short) + a square shaped palm.

NOTICE: The author of the new ‘phantom picture’ for Down syndrome described a specific guideline which states that in all cases of Down syndrome certain combinations of the 27 characteristics are found in both the fingers AND the palm of the hand!

A presentation of all details is available at:
How to use the simian line + 26 other characteristics as a hand marker in Down’s syndrome!

Photo: example of the hand in a Down syndrome baby

Example of a baby hand in Down syndrome (trisomy 21).

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The hands of Michael Jackson - a palmistry reading.

The hands of Michael Jackson – what does his palmistry reading reveal?

The wax hand cast above is Michael Jackson’s right hand – which is presented at London’s “Madame Tussauds“. What does his hand reveal about his life and death?

First of all, it is also interesting to notice that Michael Jackson’s right hand cast at “Madame Tussauds” reveals much more details about his hand lines than any public photo of his hands! Hand experts have noticed that Michael Jackson’s hands are rather remarkable and present quite a few tell-tale stories!

For example:

1 – In both hands Michael Jackson has a ‘double headline’: which can be recognized as a sign of a ‘double nature’ and an ‘eccentric personality’.

2 – Especially in his right hand is the thumb-angle a bit narrow (though in his left hand the thumb angle is wider): which can be recognized as a sign of being cautious (especially later in life).

3 – The combination of his relative long ring finger + strong thumb mouse (a.k.a. the mount of Venus): can be recognized as a sign of charismatic & spontaneous personality.

FULL REPORT: THE HANDS OF MICHAEL JACKSON

The famous palmist Cheiro wrote about the ‘double line of head’:

“A double line of head is very rarely found, but when found it is a sure sign of brain power and mentality. Such people have a perfectly double nature — one side sensitive and gentle, the other confident, cold, and cruel. They have enormous versatility, great command of language, a peculiar power of playing and toying with human nature, and generally great will and determination.”

Michael Jackson's hand at Madame Tussauds.

MORE REPORTS ABOUT MICHAEL JACKSON’S HANDS:
More hand facts about Michael Jackson!
Famous hands: the hands of celebrities!

Hand reflexology: the headache-break hand massage.

Hand reflexology: the headache-break hand massage.

‘The headache-break hand massage’ is a reflexology technique useful for healing migraine!

Olivia Rosewood has described how a simple hand reflexology technique can help to heal a serious headache or migrane attack.

Learn how to give yourself a healing handshake!

Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) describes that a certain spot on the hand corresponds to the adrenal glands, of which the function is to clear blockages from this glands’ energy circuit, and as a results: bringing life force to these often overworked treasures.

Olivia Rosewood – author of spiritual book – says:

“To give yourself a break from a headache or even just a bit more zip in your doo-da, find the most tender spot between your thumb and forefinger. Use your other thumb and forefinger to pinch this spot from the top and palm of your hand (see the right picture above), the way you might pinch a penny should there be a world-wide financial crisis. Take a few deep breaths, and release this spot when you have an indication that you have unblocked this energy point: usually your pain subsides.”

Read the full article + more about healing headaches with reflexology:

The headache-break hand massage: a simple reflexology technique
Hand reflexology can deliver a ‘calming touch’
Reflexology & massage : the ‘healing touch’
Research: reflexology & palmtherapy provide relief for headaches & migraine

Chinese palmistry: medical palm reading from China.

Chinese palmistry: medical palm reading from China.

Chinese Palmistry: medical Palm Reading & traditional chinese medicine (TCM) from China

In China is Palmistry always been a branch of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). According TCM Palmistry the palm, the thumb and the fingernails provide interesting clues about your heart, your digestion and reproductive system.

An article including: the history of palmistry in China & the 4 pilars of ‘Traditional Chinese Medicine’ (TCM).

Traditional Chinese medicine doctors say they can study your palm and learn about the state of your heart, healthwise. The color (pink is healthy), appearance of blue veins and lunula (white crescent at the base of the fingernail) all are indicators of health in TCM. Health problems can show up in your hands, palms and fingernails and if you read the warning signs, you can improve your constitution.

Dr Ma Xueling, a TCM folk doctor from Shang Hai provides some guidelines for medical palm reading on the basis of your fingernails, your veins & the color of your hand.

Chinese palmistry: palm reading from China.

MORE PALMISTRY FROM ASIA:
TCM Palmistry: traditional Chinese palm reading
Palmistry: find a palm reading expert in China
Palmistry goes medical: traditional Indian palm reading
Richard Unger’s LIFEPRINTS: translated into Korean language
Find a palmist in 15 Asian countries

César Baldaccini presents an ode to the thumb: le pouce.

César Baldaccini presents an ode to the thumb: le pouce.

César Baldaccini presents an ode to: ‘the thumb’ [le pouce]:

“The hand without a thumb is at worst nothing but an animated fish-slice, and at best a pair of forcepts whose points don’t meet properly.

Whithout the thumb the hand is put back 60 million years in evolutionary terms to a stage when the thumb hand no independent movement and was just another digit.”

Quote by: John Napier

In the summer of 2008 one hundred works of the French sculptor César Baldaccini were exhibited from early July till the end of october at ‘la Fondation Cartier’ for Contemporary Art, featured by Jean Nouvel, architect of the building and friend of the famous artist.

The visitors were able to discover many of César’s famous thumbs, made by the artist with various materials including: bronze, Baccarat crystal, stainless steel, aluminum and pink marble.

The thumb (le pouce) by César Baldaccini presented at 'la Fondation Cartier' in Paris (2008).

MORE ABOUT THE THUMB:
Ode to the thumb – sculpute by César Baldaccini: ‘le pouce’
Hand art: thumb, finger & hand sculptures
The human thumb: differences between men & women
The culture of Palmistry: news & research
More finger length stories!

Five things about hands, fingers & digit ratio.

Five things about: hands, fingers & digit ratio.

What your five fingers reveal about: human evolution, sports, social behavior, disease & your sex-life:

In 2008 Professor John Manning at the University of Swansea presented the book “The Finger Book”. The book explains how the ratio of the index finger and ring finger is related to various aspects life. Let’s take a look at his major findings + developments in the ‘finger research’ – including an update from 2009!

WHAT FINGERS REVEAL ABOUT HUMAN EVOLUTION:

The human thumb is known as a ‘marker’ for the evolution of human kind; however our relative long index finger – compared to the ring finger – is a likewise example. In the chimpanzee and gorilla, this hand feature is different: they always have longer ring fingers and a short index finger.

THE LONG RING FINGER & SPORTS:

Exceptional performances in sports are being linked to the amount of male hormones that people absorb before birth while they stay in the womb. The ‘digit ratio’ has frequently been used to predict performances in various sports leagues. In this perspective another interesting research was presented in 2009:

Research from the university of Cambridge points out that financial traders with the lowest ‘2D:4D digit ratios’ have earned 11 times more money than stock traders with a relatively high finger ratio – see the picture below.

Earnings of stock traders at the London Stock Exchange appear to be related to their finger length.

THE LONG INDEX FINGER & SOCIAL BEHAVIOR

Interestingly, especially among children a short index finger may indicate a lack of empathic ability. In general: the longer the index finger, the more people are inclined to learn social behavior and to develop strong empathy for the feelings of others and yourself.

CROSS-CONTAMINATION

There is growing statistical evidence that our finger ratios are a reliable predictor of our receptiveness to diseases. However, in real life the findings have not yet shown to have a significant impact.

YOUR FINGERS & YOUR SEX-LIFE

Men with long ring fingers, consider themselves as attractive. Studies show that women in the general rule agree and confirm the judgements of these men. Surprisingly, a likewise result has been found in women.

The distribution of finger length ratios.

READ THE FULL ARTICLE + MORE:
5 Things about your fingers – about: evolution, sports, social behavior, disease & your sex-life!
How index finger vs. ring finger ratio relates to financial success of London stock traders
News about your hands – wordpress blog
News about finger length & the 2D:4D digit ratio
Hand reading: the international network

The simian line is often found in Down syndrome, but also frequently seen in Asian populations.

The simian line is often found in Down syndrome, but also frequently seen in Asian populations.

The simian line

The simian line is a ‘notorious’ hand crease and well-known for it’s significance in Down’s syndrome – more than half of these people have a simian line in 1 or both hands, while only about 1% of healthy populations have a simian line. Nevertheless, this line is also frequently observed in the hands of certain ethnic population – especially in Asians!

In 1866, R.L. Down discovered in 1906 the relationship between the simian crease and Down’s syndrome. The simian line is also know as: the ‘simian crease’ or ‘single palmar transverse crease’.

‘Healthy hands’ with the simian line usually do not have the other stereotypical hand features related related to Down syndrome are missing (examples of other Down syndrome-related hand features are: a short thumb, curved little finger, certain dermatoglyphic patterns in the palm and fingerprints).

In some (Asian) populations is extraordinary frequently seen, such as: Pygmies: 34.7 %; Gypsies: 14.3 %; Chinese: 13.0 %; Koreans: 11.2 % – more percentages are presented in the full article.

Deciphering the simian line.

READ FURTHER ABOUT THE SIMIAN LINE:
The simian line: a notorious hand crease
The simian line: merging of mind and heart
The simian crease, down syndrome & other disorders
Do you have a simian line?

The hand.

Psychology Research

In 1998 neurologist Frank R. Wilson published a book titled: “The hand: how its use shapes the brain, language, and human culture”. The book was written into the premise that the hand is as much at the core of human life as the brain itself.

The human hand appears to be a miracle of biomechanics, one of the most remarkable adaptions in the history of evolution. The hands of a concert pianist can elicit glorious sound and stir emotion; those of a surgeon can perform the most delicate operations; those of a rock climber allow him to scale a vertical mountain wall.

In his book Wilson makes the striking claim that it is because of the unique structure of the hand and its evolution in cooperation with the brain that Homo sapiens became the most intelligent, preeminent animal on the earth. And the thumb – Wilson dedicated a full chapter to what he calls the ‘The Twenty Four Karate Thumb’ – played a major role in the evolution of human kind.

The french sculptor César Baldaccini must have had likewise associations while making his famous sculpture ‘The Thumb’ (Le Pouce) – first presented in 1965 in Paris, today you can see it (in bronze or marble) in museums and public places all over the world – see the pictures below.

César & his 'thumb'.The Thumb.

PSYCHOLOGY RESEARCH & THE HUMAN HAND:

The following research programs focuss on important themes in modern psychology, which are being related to various aspect of the human hand:

  • Hand features related to Autism
  • Hand features related to Neuroticism
  • Left handed & leftward hand asymmetry
  • The top 10 hand gestures you’d better get right


  • Austin
    Kianna Smith - Hand Analyst from Austin
    Kianna
    Smith

    Hand Analyst Kianna Smith reads hands in Austin, Texas (USA)

    Expertises:
    Master Teacher and Master Hand Analyst in IIHA Hand Analysis: lifeprints

    FULL PROFILE:
    Hand Analyst Kianna Smith

    Destiny at your fingertips

    Kianna Smith writes on her website www.insightwithkianna.com about Hand Analysis:

    The HAND ANALYST examines:

  • The overall shape of the palm and fingers to determine basic temperament.
  • The thumb, to see how you get things done within your environment and control.
  • The twelve segments of the fingers on each hand, to determine personality strengths and weaknesses.
  • The palm lines, to determine what type of emotional system you have, how you think, talents and hidden motivations.
  • The fingertips, to determine your life purpose and life lessons.
  • The origins of Palmistry!

    August 20, 2008

    The origins of palmistry

    The origins of palmistry

    The origins of Palmistry:

    There are at least two palmistry traditions; Eastern and Western. A relationship between those two traditions has existed historically as well. It turns out not everyone believes that the Gypsies brought palmistry to the West.

    FULL ARTICLE:
    Theories and speculations about the origins of western palmistry

    According to Fred Gettings (1965), the earliest reference to palmistry (palm reading) in Indian literature appears in the Vasistha, Rule 21. There, an ascetic is forbidden to earn his living by explaining omens, or by engaging in astrology and palmistry. The Ancient Code of Manu, also Vedic, upholds similar principles.Yet, in later times, palmistry became highly regarded in India. Palmistry was considered so important that the hands of gods in paintings and sanctuaries were carved with markings of lines and symbols. They were highly exaggerated, and not very similar to real-life palms.

    Trade was open to the Greeks through established routes used by Arabs for centuries. What became Western palmistry traveled East. Alexander the Great, a pupil of Aristotle, is conjectured to have brought interest in the art back. Lines appeared on the palms of Greek statues of gods as well.

    However nice this theory sounds, I would be remiss not to point out that Ancient Egyptians, Chaldeans, Sumerians, and Babylonians all have been credited with originating the art as well.

    A few months ago I even received an email from an Independent reader in Thailand who suggested that palmistry began with Native American tribes in the US. My reader suggests that Carl Jung wrote the forward to the book by Julius Spier, The Hands of Children, and was remiss in not mentioning that Erich Neumann’s wife was an internationally know palmist. Jung took an interest in palmistry, the reader points out, and regarded Neuman highly, but didn’t in all his letters or books mention his wife reading hands.

    In the Western tradition, the art evolved from basic lines, to hand shapes, to texture and markings. Medieval writings focus on the lines. By the sixteenth century, the spirit of individuality was emerging. Early Renaissance scholars were often well versed in palmistry, and markings for different kinds of patterns were devised.

    The practice, still thought of as an art, was closely connected to astrology. Each finger and mound was related to a planet. It was thought a whole constellation of one’s life could be read in the thumb.

    So, when you go in for the art of divining, be sure you get your money’s worth. The whole story is not told in the lines. Like the history of trauma, the history of palmistry is buried underground and often veers off course. Its development has not unfolded in a linear fashion. In England, palmistry was not pursued with the same intensity as it was elsewhere. Chiromancy was primarily associated increasingly with the gypsies. Universities did not pursue its scholarship and practice, as did institutions of higher learning on the other continents.

    If the gypsies came from the Pariahs of India, as some maintain, this would mean an alternate route of dispersion of Western knowledge. Traveling from shire to shire in the 1500s, they performed all sorts of crafts to get money from the landholders; palmistry being one such craft. But a practitioner among the lower classes was considered to be either a gypsy or a witch, thus the practice of palmistry merited death according to a law that was not repealed in England until the reign of George III.

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